What are the most common disorders of the toenails?

The toenails in the feet can have a lot of various disorders that could affect them and become painful. The toe nails get confronted with a lot of force and also load from shoes and day to day activities. The toenails get knocked around lots along with get objects falling upon them a lot. It's no surprise that you have a lot of conditions that podiatry practitioners see in their patients with difficulties of the nails.

The ingrown toe nail is just about the well known painful problem of the toenails. An ingrown toe nails occurs when the corner of the nail permeates the skin and sets up an inflammation. This can be most often caused by a curved contour to the toenail along with a bad nail clipping method which leaves a pointy edge. A skilled podiatric physician can certainly take out that offending bit of nail and provide virtually immediate comfort for this. Having said that, the problem will are likely to be recurrent, so a minor operation to take out the edge of the toe nail should be considered.

Most likely one of the more common reasons behind symptoms about the toenails may be a condition which is technically called onychophosis. This is when there are lots of pressure down the edges of the nail that can cause a callus to develop in the nail sulcus. This callus or onychophosis becomes so built up which it will become very painful. This is regularly mistakenly identified as an ingrown nail. This particular problem needs the knowledgeable abilities of a podiatrist to carefully remove the callus from the toenail groove and also file the toenail out of the painful region. Long term if the onychophosis can be an recurring issue a minor surgical technique to eradicate the edge of the toenail can be done.

Trauma to a nail plate such a repetitive banging with the toe against the end of the shoe or the single trauma of, for instance, dropping a heavy item on the foot can bring about a disfigured nail plate which develops in a deformed way. The scientific period for this is onychogryphosis. When the toe nails commences to grow like this, it cannot be fixed. The only method to treat this is to regularly debride the nail, most likely by a foot doctor or even to have the nail permanently taken off by minimal surgical treatment.

Another very frequent problem affecting the nails is a tinea infection or onychomycosis which causes the nail plate to appear as a white or yellow-colored shade that might crumble and be deformed. The specific level of distortions of the toe nail and what color it appears may be based upon the precise bug that infects the toenail. However for the foot fungi love the dark and dampness and that is the actual habitat you have in the foot when it's in footwear. This hostile atmosphere makes the treatment frustrating. Generally, the treatment will involve frequent reduction of the toenail plate and the use of a topical solution to attempt to inhibit the growth of the infection. Other choices consist of laser treatment or perhaps oral agents. Treatments can last many months and a lot do have a tendency to reoccur.