Anal fissures differ from piles (hemorrhoids), in that piles are caused either by the swelling of anal cushions (internal piles) or bulge at the anus (external piles). Anal fissures are a cut or tear in the skin lining caused by the anus.
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These can cause pain and bleeding that is similar to piles. Other symptoms include extreme pain in the bowel or bloody stool. People may not go to the bathroom due to pain. This can lead to constipation and further anal fissures. Anal fissures are sometimes referred to as piles by some people.
Anal fissures can be caused by a variety of factors, including bad bowel habits, excessive strain, constipation, or rushing bowel movements. This can lead to a tear in your anal lining. Diarrhea can also cause anal fissures.
You should ensure that your bowel movements are softened by drinking enough water and eating sufficient fiber. Some vitamins may be helpful for healthy bowel movements.
Anal fissures can be divided into two types: acute and chronic. Anal fissures that are acute are usually caused by an altered bowel habit (such as constipation, diarrhea), and can be treated quickly with creams and ointments. Warm baths can be used to soothe the pain, heal the wound, and clean it.
It is recommended that natural creams be used, as they are more effective than pharmaceutical ointments and can be cheaper. Ointments and pharmaceutical medicines often do little more than soothe the problem.
Chronic fissures, which can last more than a month, are usually caused by bad bowel habits, scarring, or spastic anal muscles. If you have chronic anal fissures, it is important to consult your doctor.